Rafah

Rafah

Rafah (Arabic: رفح Rafaḥ [rafaħ]) is a Palestinian city in the southern Gaza Strip. It is the capital of the Rafah Governorate of the State of Palestine, located 30 kilometers (19 mi) south-west of Gaza City. In 2017, Rafah had a population of 171,889. As a result of massive bombardment and ground assaults in Gaza City and Khan Yunis by Israel during the Israel–Hamas war, about 1.4 million people are believed to be sheltering in Rafah as of February 2024.

After the 1948 Palestine War, Egypt governed the area and refugee camps for displaced Palestinians were established. During the 1956 Suez Crisis involving Israel, Britain, France, and Egypt, the Israeli military killed 111 Palestinians, including 103 refugees in the Rafah camp during the Rafah massacre. During the 1967 Six-Day War, Israel occupied the Sinai Peninsula and Gaza Strip from Egypt. In that year, the Israeli military bulldozed and blew up 144 houses in Rafah refugee camp killing 23 Palestinians.